Berseem Clover

Conservation Education, Cover Crops Series - Issue 1


What is berseem clover?


Berseem clover is a hollowed stem annual legume that is an excellent soil health contributor and nitrogen fixer. On average, it can supply 75 - 150 lbs of nitrogen for the next cash crop's use.


How is berseem clover planted?

  • Berseem clover should be planted after May 15th to reduce the risk of frost kill and injury.

  • When established as an alternative forage, this clover should be drilled in at 18-20 pounds/acre at a depth of 1/8".

  • If planting is done incorrectly, clover will leave out underground and die.

  • If utilizing berseem clover as a cover crop with additional species, 3-5 lbs is needed.


What are the growing conditions?


When temperatures are at or around 60°, berseem clover will be ready to cut at roughly 60 days. The clover's hollowed stem makes for quick hay dry-down. Berseem clover yields dry matter tonnage similar to alfalfa in 2-3 cuttings during the growing season.


What are the benefits of using berseem clover as a cover crop?


  • Berseem clover is an excellent soil health contributor and nitrogen fixer; on average it adds from 75-150 lbs of nitrogen to soil.

  • In a grazing mixture, it makes for a great late-summer / early-fall grazer with low potential for animal bloat.

  • Berseem clover can be planted alone and used as a forage, or combined with other species as a cover crop.


Download the printable PDF version!

Berseem Clover Flyer
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